Beginning Horse Riding : What Is Collection Horse Training?

Beginning Horse Riding : What Is Collection Horse Training?


There is, let’s say, a little mystery in this
concept about collection, also sometimes referred to as submission. We’re going to try to simplify
it and make it available to even a most novice rider. It is the piece that often brings your
horse to a much better performance, and I don’t mind at all, and I try to get my novice
riders to start putting a little bit of collection in to their ride fairly early on. As soon
as their hands can remain quiet in front of the saddle, and it seems as though they can
not interfere with the horse, but rather compliment the horse, we begin to teach that idea of
collection. Collection is just part of a horse’s ability to what we call move forward off of
those strong haunches, the hind quarter, in a round fashion, and submit to the pressure
of the bit. We don’t want to think of it as we’re trying to bring that horse back in to
collection and jam them in to it. We want to think of it as they move forward in to
the bridle. Even as we stand here, we can learn a lot about this process of collection.
Then we can take it to the moving forward piece, which is the very important part about
they move forward in to the bridle. In order to collect a horse, the rider wants to remember
their very basic elbow to the horses mouth, straight line position. Depending on your
discipline, that may require that you’re hand be a little bit lower, maybe a little bit
higher, or even higher yet for some of our saddle seat kind of horses. For our Western
horse here, we’re going to be right here, positioned in front of the pommel. We’re going
to create what we call an elastic rein length. My rider’s going to hold her rein securely
with her fingers closed, so that she can create the feeling that there’s elastic here in the
rein. And just by drawing her fingers back, as though she were what we call, “half haulting”,
that drawing back of our fingers with out moving our hands, she’s going to ask this
horse to begin submitting. Inside the horses mouth, the mechanism of the bit creates a
pressure against the roof of his mouth that he should want to move away from that pressure.
As a horse submits, we begin to see him what we call, “chew softly”. That’s a sign of a
horse’s recognition that he needs to be compliant and submit to the bridle. We see him begin,
he’s right on target, and now after he’s done this “chewing softly”, we should feel him
backing away and want to experiment with how to make this bit feel the best in his mouth.
Certainly, the piece of the horse moving forward in to bridle is going to be very important
as we move to the next frame, but knowing and understanding how your basic mechanics
in the way of holding the pressure, not pulling, but rather holding the pressure, will begin
to bring this horse in to an easy and basic collected frame.

23 thoughts on “Beginning Horse Riding : What Is Collection Horse Training?

  1. the reson is that even if you ride western is because when you are showing you will want to beable to make them really suple and easy to sontroll with one rein and beable to easly pickthem up for trail or reinning or even cutting

  2. This sucks. You cannot ride your horse back to front while standing still. The rider's pulling the horse in his mound too.

  3. Many western riders actually care a lot about showing off their tasteless outfits, especially in western pleasure. Some riders' attitude and looks make me wanna puke on their shiny shoes.

  4. If she goes good in side reins try holding your rains low and snug so they simulate side reins when you ride. This a good schooling exercise. I am training a saddle seat horse, but I don't see why it wouldn't work for a hunter jumper.

  5. It really worries me that these people are teaching others that know no better about collection etc. The 'teachers' really don't have a clue. Expert village?? What is this sh1t?!

  6. The bridle work this "expert" shows corresponds more with flexion rather than collection. Flexion creates submission & not collection.
    Collection always comes from the rear & not from the bridle. I think this video shows a poor example of collection. You can not collect a horse from a standstill while playing with the reins. I just hope some beginner doesn't go pulling on their horse to get them to "collect"
    ExpertVillage: FAIL

  7. Collection is not submission. It is the way the horse positions their body. The back is rounded, the weight is carried more on the rear and the front is open to move. They do not need to be on the bit to be collected. A trained horse can carry themself in a collected state without pressure from the bit. Having their neck rounded and their head vertical does not mean collected. Where do you get your experts?

  8. Hate seeing riders trying to get their horse 'on the bit' like this. It's about a rounded outline and engaging the hind quarters not tugging on their mouth. You shouldn't saw or tug on their mouths, it's about contact and resistance for them to drop on to bit.

  9. If submission is "almost" the same as collection, and submission is the horse "giving it's mouth" then you don't know what collection is. The light mouth and "freedom" in the front is a result of collection. Collection is the horse putting more weight on the hindleg as if prepared to go forward at a high speed…

  10. JEEZZ, can you not even leave that horse alone when he is just standing!?! this just freaks me out, WHY ON EARTH can you not give that horse some slack reins, and some relaxed standing time!?! The horse is doing nothing wrong, he is perfectly standing, and STILL you have to be in his face with those reins and stupid bit. you do not understand horses AT ALL. stay out of his face and give him release when you're standing. gosh, I cant watch this anymore. no horsemanship here AT ALL

  11. Submission to the bridle?  This is not collection, since collection is not about "riding the head".  The entire 2:44 was about the bridle. Sorry…too many talking about this important topic without actually understanding it.

  12. I feel like some things are important here, if phrased a little antiquated. Yes, the horse should be able to soften the bridle and give to the bit. Yes the horse should move forward into the bridle to create collection from behind. But, a horse can be collected without being "on the bit"– this is all just creating a headset, not collection. Collection is from lowering the hind quarters to lift the back and forequarters. Being on the bit or in a certain head set is it's own thing. Collection should come before you decide where you want the horse's head positioned.

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